What is emetophobia / specific phobia of vomiting?
Whilst no one likes to feel nauseous or to vomit, for some people this can be a serious problem that interferes with their day-to-day life.
Emetophobia, or a specific phobia of vomiting, is characterised by a marked fear or anxiety of oneself vomiting or seeing others vomit. It can be associated with a fear of losing control or being unable to escape from a place or situation.
It is often accompanied by distressing physical symptoms of anxiety, such as increased heart rate, changes in breathing, feelings of nausea, and light headedness. People often monitor themselves or others for signs of illness and avoid places or situations that that they believe will increase the likelihood of vomiting.
People may repeatedly check best-before dates of food, avoid cooking or eating certain foods, wash and clean themselves excessively to reduce the risk of contamination with disease, and seek reassurance from others.
Emetophobia can become very severe if left untreated, including weight loss or injuries associated with excessive cleaning. It can have a significant negative impact on a person’s quality of life, interfering with their ability to complete daily activities. Emetophobia also appears to be highly co-morbid with other anxiety conditions, including OCD and panic.
Fear of vomiting is estimated to affect up to 8% of the population. It is more commonly reported in women than men and typically begins in childhood. It is often misdiagnosed due to a seeming overlap in symptoms with conditions such as health anxiety, OCD, panic disorder, and eating disorders, especially when accompanied by food restriction and weight loss.
Can treatment help?
Emerging evidence suggests that Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is effective in treating emetophobia. A short course of CBT may help when the problem is less chronic or severe, but for people experiencing the problem over a longer period, or accompanied by additional difficulties, a longer or more intensive course of treatment may be required.
Assessment at OHSPIC
An assessment at OHSPIC will include the use of standardised questionnaires to assess the severity of the problem, how it impacts on daily life, what thoughts and beliefs are associated with the problem, and an assessment of other difficulties.
CBT at OHSPIC
CBT at OHSPIC includes:
- Establishing a strong, collaborative relationship between the person experiencing emetophobia and the therapist.
- Developing a shared understanding of the problem with a focus on what is maintaining the person’s strong beliefs about the likelihood and unbearable nature of vomiting.
- Collaboratively devising goals for treatment.
- Exploring ways to approach change and considering how to go about day-to-day life without constant preoccupation and anxiety.
- Approaching feared or avoided situations and items.
- Planning how to maintain progress and work towards longer-term goals.
Non-urgent advice: Linking with local services
OHPSIC will liaise with local teams to ensure that the work on overcoming emetophobia can successfully continue, including offering joint work and supervision as necessary.
Home visits or out of office sessions will be included and encouraged as part of joint work with local teams.
Page last reviewed: 11 April, 2023